POPLANG : population effects on languages

Date : 
Lundi 20 Novembre 2017 - 09:00 à 18:15
Lieu : 
MILC, 35 rue Raulin, Lyon 7e (amphi)

Workshop organisé par DDL et l'Institut Camille Jordan dans le cadre du projet "Sur le bout de la langue", financé par l'IXXI et l'ISH.

PopLang is an interdisciplinary workshop on mathematical modelling of language learning, transmission and use.

The aim of this workshop is to combine expertise from the fields of mathematical modelling, cognitive sciences and learning theory, and linguistics in order to discuss and further develop reliable models of language vitality fluctuations. PopLang will bring together specialists across disciplinary boundaries who share an interest in understanding the mechanisms behind language use and transmission.

Why model language vitality?

At the beginning of the 20th century, over 6000 languages were spoken throughout the world. According to Krauss (1992), by the end of the 21st century 50-90% of those languages could disappear. The first victims will be such indigenous minority languages which are neither written nor scholarly documented. Along with the languages, it will be the entire knowledge and culture of such communities that will be erased. Understanding and actively protecting language vitality appears as a major challenge for preserving the world’s cultural heritage.

Sufficient understanding of the mechanisms defining speakers’ language usage in a particular ecological context should allow for reliable predictions of changes in a community’s language vitality. Such predictions could lead to the development of efficient global policies that would help slow down or even inverse the current trend.

Past experience has taught us that, more than anything, it is the continuous transmission of a language across generations that will guarantee its long-term vitality. It is when a language is no longer transmitted to the next generation that its death becomes imminent. Understanding variations in language vitality thus requires a detailed understanding of the mechanisms behind fluctuations in language use and transmission. In other words, it requires understanding the ecological constraints under which speakers in multilingual communities will be able and choose to further transmit a particular language.

Conférencités invités / Invited talks
María Victoria Otero Espinar (Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain) - Some Models in Differential Equations of Languages Competition Dynamics
Anne Kandler (Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany) - Analysing Language Shift: The Example of Scottish Gaelic
Marco Patriarca and Els Heinsalu (National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics, Tallinn, Estonia) - The Role of Bilinguals in Language Dynamics
Didier Demolin (Université Sorbonne nouvelle Paris 3, France) and Hans VAN DE VELDE (Fryske Akademy, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands) - Modelling the Dynamics of Phonological Systems: Evidence from Changes in Rhotics
Michael Ramscar (Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Germany) - Self-Organization and Optimization in Collective Linguistic Behavior
Lucía Loureiro-Porto and David Sanchez (University of the Balearic Islands, Spain) - Analysing Language Variation through Big Data: The Case of Twitter and Google Books
Jacobo Levy AbitbolL, Márton Karsai, Jean-Pierre Chevrot, Jean-Philippe Magué and Eric Fleury (Université de Lyon or Grenoble Alpes Université, France) - How Social, Economic and Demographic Forces Shape Linguistic Variation on Twitter

Comité d'organisation / Organizing committee
Vincent Arnaud - Laboratoire de phonétique expérimentale (Univ. Québec-Chicoutimi, Canada) & Laboratoire Dynamique du langage (UMR5596, CNRS, Univ. Lyon 2, France)
Morgane Bergot - Institut Camille Jordan (Univ. Lyon 1, France)
François Pellegrino - Laboratoire Dynamique du langage (UMR5596, CNRS, Univ. Lyon 2, France)
Laurent Pujo-Menjouet - Institut Camille Jordan (Univ. Lyon 1, France) and INRIA, team Dracula (France)
Léon Matar Tine - Institut Camille Jordan (Univ. Lyon 1, France) and INRIA, team Dracula (France)
Géraldine Walther - Department of Comparative Linguistics (Univ. Zurich, Switzerland)

Information pratiques / Practical information
L'inscription est gratuite mais obligatoire / Registration is free but compulsory >> http://poplang.sciencesconf.org

Cette conférence est organisée dans le cadre du projet "Sur le bout de la langue" financé par l'Institut rhônalpin des systèmes complexes (IXXI) et l'Institut des Sciences de l'Homme (ISH). Elle bénéficie également du soutien financier des Labex ASLAN et MILYON ainsi que de l'Université du Québec à Chicoutimi.

Contacts : morgane.bergotatuniv-lyon1.fr or francois.pellegrinoatuniv-lyon2.fr

Site web de l'événement : https://poplang.sciencesconf.org